Expression of cytokine-induced neutrophilchemoattractant-1 was de

Expression of cytokine-induced neutrophilchemoattractant-1 was determined by enzyme immunoassay.RESULTS:Conventional subcultivation yielded activelygrowing cells.One clone was obtained after limiting dilution,and designated as SIPS.This cell line has been passagedrepeatedly more than 2 years,and is thus likely immortalized.SIPS cells retained morphological characteristics of primary,culture-activated PSCs.SIPS expressed α-smooth muscleactin,glial acidic fibrillary protein,vimentin,desmin,type AZD6244体外 Ⅰcollagen,fibronectin,and prolyl hydroxylases.Telomeraseactivity and p53 expression were negative.Proliferation

ofSIPS cells was serum-dependent,and stimulated withplatelet-derived growth factor-BB through the activation ofextracellular signal-regulated kinase.Interleukin-1β activatednuclear factor-κB,activator protein-1,and MAP kinases.Interleukin-1β

induced cytokine-induced neutrophilchemoattractant-1 expression through the activation ofnuclear factor-κB and MAP kinases.CONCLUSION: SIPS cells can be useful for in vitro studies of cell biology and signal transduction of PSCs.
目的观察p38MAPK信号转导通路在成骨细胞分化及核因子-κB受体激活配体(receptor 没有 activator of nuclear factor-κBligand,RANKL)和骨保护素(osteoprotegerin,OPG)表达中的作用。方法取第1继代BALB/c小鼠颅盖骨成骨细胞,药物刺激组分别加入10-8mol/L 17β-雌二醇和10-7mol/L雷洛昔芬;含阻断剂组预先添加5μmol/L SB202190阻断p38MAPK通路后,再加17β-雌二醇或雷洛昔芬。72 h后用PNPP法测定成骨细胞内碱性磷酸酶(alkaliphosphatase,ALP)活性;RT-PCR法检测成骨细胞ALP、OPG和RANKL的转录水平。结果17β-雌二醇和雷洛昔芬能够促进成骨细胞分化,促进OPG、RANKL的表达(P0.05);阻断p38MAPK信号转导通路后,成骨细胞分化受抑,OPG、RANKL的表达和OPG/RANKL降低(P<0.05)。结论p38MAPK抑制可干扰体外培养成骨细胞分化,抑制RANKL和OPG的过度表达。
目的:探讨补阳还五汤注射对脑缺血再灌注损伤的治疗作用及机制。方法:88只雄性蒙古沙鼠随机分成对照组、模型组和补阳还五汤高剂量组(51.48mg/kg)、低剂量组(25.74mg/kg)。Kirino的方法制作沙鼠前脑缺血模型。术后1、6h,1d、3d、7d尼氏染色观察海马区神经细胞组织形态变化,免疫组化法和Western-Blot法检测海马区磷酸化p38MAPK和Caspase-3蛋白的表达,TUNEL法检测凋亡细胞,术后7~13d八臂迷宫法测试动物学习记忆功能。结果:与对照组比较,脑缺血后海马神经元结构损伤明显、磷酸化p38MAPK表达水平、Caspase-3蛋白表达、凋亡神经细胞数量增加;大鼠的习记忆功能下降;与模型组比较,补阳还五汤组中大鼠的习记忆功能得到改善、神经元形态结构损伤减轻、磷酸化p38MAPK蛋白、Caspase-3蛋白以及神经细胞凋亡数量回降,上述变化在高剂量补阳还五汤组更为明显。结论:补阳还五汤对脑缺血再灌注损伤有治疗作用,其机制与调控p38MAPK信号通路,抑制神经细胞凋亡有关。
子宫内膜异位症(EMs)是与炎症有关的雌激素依赖性疾病。p38丝裂原活化蛋白激酶(p38MAPK)受性激素、炎症因子等因素的激活,在细胞凋亡、增殖、炎症、应激等多种细胞反应中起着重要的作用,并直接参与子宫内膜异位症发生发展过程的调控。p38MAPK信号转导通路在性激素和炎症之间的特殊调节作用,将有助于更好地理解子宫内膜异位症错综复杂的病理假说。p38MAPK抑制剂在子宫内膜异位症的研究中发挥重要作用,且前景广阔。在信号通路水平上阻断和调控p38MAPK的表达和活性,有望成为防治子宫内膜异位症的新策略。
AIM:To

许多 gain molecular insights into the action of the histone deacetylase inhibitor(HDACI) trichostatin-A(TSA) in pancreatic cancer(PC) cells.METHODS:Three PC cell lines,BxPC-3,AsPC-1 and CAPAN-1,were treated with various concentrations of TSA for def ined periods of time.DNA synthesis was assessed by measuring the incorporation of 5-bromo-2′deoxyuridine.Gene expression at the level of mRNA was quantif ied by real-time polymerase chain reaction.Expression and phosphorylation of proteins was monitored by immunoblotting,applying an infrared imaging technology.

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